Woundcare References

Coming soon.

Respiratory References

  1. Scherzer R, Subglottic secretion aspiration in the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a review of the literature. Jefferson Hospital Staff Papers and Presentations. 2010: Paper No 11.
  2. Ibrahim EH, Tracy L, Hill C, et al. The occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a community hospital: risk factors and clinical outcomes. Chest. 2001;120:555-561.
  3. Craven DE, Steger KA. Nosocomial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated adult patients: epidemiology and prevention in 1996. Semin Respir Infect. 1996;11:32-53.
  4. Rello J, Ollendorf DA, et al. Epidemiology and outcomes of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a large US database. Chest. 2002;122:2115-2121.
  5. Sedwick M, Smith M, Reeder S, Nardi J, Using Evidence-Based Practice to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia, Clitical Care Nurses, Aug 2012;32:41-51
  6. Fagon JY, Chastre J, et al. Nosocomial Pneumonia in Ventilated Patients: A Cohort Study Evaluating Attributable Mortality and Hospital Stay. The American Journal of Medicine. 1993;94:281-288.
  7. AARC Clinical Practice Guidelines – Respiratory Care. 2010; 55:758-762.
  8. Kaye K, et al., Suction Regulators: A potential Vector for Hospital Acquired Pathogens – Infectious Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 2010: 31:772-774.
  9. Sole ML, et al., Pulmonary critical care, “Oropharyngeal secretion volume in intubated patients: The importance of oral suctioning”, American Journal of Critical Care, 2011;20:e141-e145.
  10. Heyland DK, et al., The attributable morbidity and mortality of ventilator-associated pneumonia in the critically ill patient. The Canadian Critical Trials Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999;159:1249 –1256.
  11. Data on file
  12. Blot S, Rello J, Vogelaers D, – What is New in the Prevention of Ventilator-associated Pneumonia?, Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2011;17(3):155-159.
  13. Bo H, He L, Qu J. Influence of the subglottic secretion drainage on the morbidity of ventilator-associated pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2000;23:472–474.
  14. Kollef MH, Skubas NJ, Sundt TM. A randomized clinical trial of continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions in cardiac surgery patients. Chest. 1999;116:1339-1346.
  15. Valles J, Artigas A, Rello J, et al. Continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions in preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1995;122:179-186.
  16. Mahul Ph, Auboyer C, Jospe R, et al. Prevention of nosocomial pneumonia in intubated patients: respective role of mechanical subglottic secretions drainage and stress ulcer prophylaxis.Intensive Care Medicine. 1992;18:20-25.
  17. Bouza Emilio, MD, PhD*, Jesús Pérez María , RN, Muñoz Patricia, MD, PhD, Rincón Cristina, RN, María Barrio José, MD, and Hortal Javier, MD – Continuous Aspiration of Subglottic Secretions in the Prevention of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in the Postoperative Period of Major Heart Surgery , Departments of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases and Anesthesiology Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain. 2008
  18. Smulders K, van der Hoeven H, Weers-Pothoff I, Vandenbroucke-Grauls, C. A randomized clinical trial of intermittent subglottic secretion drainage in patients receiving mechanical ventilation.Chest. 2002;121:858-862.
  19. Lorente L, Lecuona M, Jimenez A, Mora M, Sierra A. Influence of an Endotracheal Tube with Polyurathane Cuff and Subglottic Secretion Drainage on Pneumonia – Am J Respir Crit Care Med Vol 176. pp 1079–1083, 2007
  20. Lacherade Jean-Claude, De Jonghe Bernard, Guezennec Pierre, Debbat Karim, Hayon Jan, Monsel Antoine, Fangio Pascal, Appere de Vecchi Corinne, Ramaut Cédric, Outin Hervé, and Bastuji-Garin Sylvie “Intermittent Subglottic Secretion Drainage and Ventilator-associated Pneumonia”, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 182, No. 7 (2010), pp. 910-917.
  21. Juneja D, Javeri Y, Singh O, Nasa P, Pandey R, Uniyal B. Comparing influence of intermittent subglottic secretions drainage with/without closed suction systems on the incidence of ventilator associated pneumonia.. Indian J Crit Care Med. 2011;15(3):168-72.
  22. Leasure, A. Renee PhD, RN, CCRN, CNS; Stirlen, Joan MPH, BSN, RN; Lu, Shu Hua PhD, RN – Prevention of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Through Aspiration of Subglottic Secretions: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: March/April 2012 – Volume 31 – Issue 2 – p 102–117
  23. Muscedere J, Rewa O, McKechnie K, Jiang X, Laporta D, Heyland DK. Subglottic secretion drainage for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Care Med. 2011;39(8):1985-1991.
  24. Overend T, Anderson C, Brooks D, et al. Updating the evidence-base for suctioning adult patients: A systematic review. Can Respir J. 2009;16(3).
  25. Dezfulian C, Shojania K, Collard H, et al. Subglottic secretion drainage for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia: A meta-analysis. The American Journal of Medicine. 2005;118:11-18.
  26. Guidelines for the Management of Adults with Hospital-acquired, Ventilator-associated, and
    Healthcare-associated Pneumonia. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine. 2005;171:388-416.
  27. Guidelines for Preventing Health-Care-Associated Pneumonia, 2003, Recommendations of CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. March 26, 2004/53(RR03);1-36.
  28. American Association of Critical Care Nurses. Practice Alert: Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia. 2004.
  29. Shojania KG, Duncan BW, McDonald KM, et al. Making Health Care Safer: A Critical Analysis of Patient Safety Practices. Evidence Report/ Technology Assessment No. 43 (Prepared by the University of California at San Francisco–Stanford Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-97-0013), AHRQ Publication No. 01-E058, Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. July 2001.
  30. Coffin S, MD, Klompas M, MD, Classen D, MD, et al. Strategies to prevent Ventilator?Associated pneumonia in acute care hospitals. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 2008;29(S1, A Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Healthcare?Associated Infections in Acute Care Hospitals):pp. S31-S40. Available from:
  31. Restrepo MI, Anzueto A, Arroliga AC, et al. Economic burden of ventilator-associated pneumonia based on total resource utilization. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2010; 31:509–515.
  32. Cocanour C, Ostrosky-Zeichner L, Peninger M, et al. Cost of a ventilator-associated pneumonia in a shock trauma intensive care unit. Surgical Infections. 2005;6:65-72.
  33. Cook D, Walter S, et al. Incidence of and risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1998;129:433-440.
  34. Interlandi J. Waking Chris, New York Times Dec 2011
  35. Melville N. Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Rises in Long Term Hospitals, American Public Health Association (APHA) 140th Annual meeting Nov 2012
  36. “The Mallinckrodt™ TaperGuard™ Evac Endotracheal Tube”, Covidien Brochure. 2009; Ref # 09-AW-6540 AW17209.
  37. “Better Access. Best Practice”, Teleflex ISIS® HVT™ Brochure. 2011;0330 v1.
  38. “Have You Helped Zap VAP today?” Mallinckrodt Brochure. 2004; Ref# AW07804.
  39. “Bringing Technology to Life”, VAP – A Nurses Guide, Smiths Medical Brochure. 2007; Ref # LIT/AM2764.
  40. Acevedo D, Restrepo R, Gonzalez L et al., Are we suctioning the life out of our ventilator patients?, American Association for Respiratory Care Congress, 2013
  41. Kaye K, Marchaim D et al., Suction Regulators: A Potential Vector for Hospital-Acquired Pathogens, Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 2010; Vol.31, No. 7, 772-774